What are the main ways of cross-border e-commerce logistics for exports in China?
As China's economic development enters the new normal era, cross-border e-commerce logistics, as a new highlight of national economic growth, has attracted the attention of the country and the industry. At present, what are the main ways of cross-border e-commerce logistics for exports in China? Let's have a look.
1、 Through international express channel (UPS \ DHL \ FedEx \ TNT)
In general, the cost of international express delivery is quite high. The biggest disadvantage is "expensive". The biggest advantage is "fast" and high reliability and safety. It can also be tracked in the whole process. Usually, international express delivery will be used only when customers have high requirements for timeliness and high value of goods.
2、 Through domestic express channels (Postal EMS \ SF \ four links and one access)
In general, the cost is lower than that of UPS, DHL and other international express delivery, but the timeliness and reliability may be slightly inferior. The customs clearance capacity in China is relatively strong, especially Postal EMS. The countries (regions) that SF and four links and one access can reach are not wide enough, and EMS relies on postal channels to cover a wider range.
3、 Through postal parcel channels (China Post \ hongkong post \ Singapore Post, etc.)
This is the channel with the widest network coverage and the lowest cost, but the timeliness is the worst, and the time required is more than twoorthree times that of express delivery. It's easy to lose this one. According to incomplete statistics, about 70% of China's export cross-border e-commerce packages are delivered through the postal system, of which China Post accounts for about 50%.
4、 Through dedicated logistics channels (Russian dedicated line \ Middle East dedicated line \ American dedicated line \ European dedicated line, etc.)
Export cross-border special line logistics is generally transported overseas by air, and then delivered door-to-door to the destination country through cooperative logistics companies, express companies, etc. The characteristic of special line logistics is to collect the goods first, then consign them to the airlines as one ticket of goods, and then sort and deliver them to the destination country (region). In this way, the cost of air transportation can be effectively reduced through scale advantages. Therefore, its price is generally lower than that of international express, but its timeliness is not as good as that of international express.
5、 Overseas warehouses, including border warehouses (first trip transportation and local delivery)
The overseas warehouse mode is a new logistics mode developed after the rise of cross-border e-commerce. The overseas warehouse includes three parts: first trip transportation (typically FBA first trip), warehouse management and local delivery. The first transportation is from Chinese merchants to overseas warehouses; Overseas warehousing management includes warehousing, sorting, packaging, labeling and a series of services;
Local distribution is to deliver goods directly from overseas warehouses after overseas customers place orders, and then deliver them to customers through local logistics or express delivery. The biggest advantage of overseas warehouse is strong timeliness (equivalent to domestic express) and good customer experience. However, there are also problems such as inventory backlog or shortage due to inaccurate sales forecasts and market changes.
Different cross-border logistics modes lead to different timeliness and freight rates, and different logistics providers have different service quality.
Both import volume and export volume have been greatly improved, which also makes more and more people join the ranks of cross-border e-commerce. At the same time, more and more logistics enterprises have also developed rapidly due to the rise of e-commerce industry.
6、 Talk about international logistics platform
1. UPS Express
UPS express, whose Chinese name is United Parcel Service in the United States, is currently the largest express company in the world. The service areas of ups are mainly the United States and Europe, of which the United States accounts for about 90%. However, with the rise of China's cross-border e-commerce, the Asian market has also been greatly improved in recent years.
FedEx is also one of the largest express companies in the United States. It has many branches in the world. Similar to USP, its main service area is also the United States, which accounts for about 80% of the total business. Its biggest feature is that most of the express delivery is by air. So far, it has 671 planes, which is efficient and convenient for logistics transportation.
3. DHL DHL Express
DHL, with its Chinese name DHL express, is a transportation company founded in the United States. Currently, it is wholly owned by Deutsche Post Group and is one of the largest transportation companies in the world. DHL Express is called Sinotrans DHL in Chinese Mainland due to its partnership with Sinotrans Corporation Limited (Sinotrans) and uses DHL daily; In Hong Kong, the registered name of the company is DHL international, but DHL is still used daily.
4. Maersk Maersk Logistics
Maersk Logistics belongs to A.P. Moller Maersk Group, whose Chinese name is Maersk Group. It was founded in Denmark in 1904 and currently has offices in more than 130 countries around the world. It is also the world's largest container transportation company.
5. Nippon express Japan Express
Nippon express, whose Chinese name is Nippon express, is one of the world's top 500 companies. The company's main modes of transportation include automobile transportation and air transportation. In addition, warehousing services are also a major business of the company, with automobile transportation and warehousing services accounting for about 70% of the company's business.